Directions
(1 – 5): Refer
to the following line graph and answer the given questions:
The given line graph and the table shows the data
about the income and expenditure of two companies S and T from year 2010 to
2015 in Rs. Crore.
Year

Income

Expenditure

2010

5 : 4

7 : 5

2011

7 : 6

5 : 3

2012

9 : 7

4 : 3

2013

4 : 5

3 : 4

2014

5 : 6

6 : 7

2015

7 : 8

7 : 9

Profit =
incomeexpenditure
Profit%=
profit/expenditure*100
1.
What is the difference between the profit of company S and T over the year
2010, 2012 and 2014 together in crore?
(a) 21
(b) 14
(c) 25
(d) 17
(e) 18
2.
In which year was the income of company T, second lowest?
(a) 2012
(b) 2013
(c) 2010
(d) 2014
(e) Cannot be determined
3.
By what percent the profit of company S increased from 2011 to 2012?
(a) 89.9%
(b) 567.1%
(c) 462.5%
(d) 435.1%
(e) None of these
4.
The profit percentage of company S in 2015 is approximately what percent of the
profit percentage of company T in the same year?
(a) 56%
(b) 123%
(c) 132%
(d) 161%
(e) 171%
5.
What is the profit of company T in 2011, 2013 and 2015 together in crore?
(a) 267
(b) 245
(c) 312
(d) 276
(e) None of these
Directions
(6 – 10): Refer
to the following piecharts and answer the given questions:
The first piechart given below shows the
breakup of amount budgeted by a government school for various expenditures in
2013. The second pie chart shows the breakup of funds utilized by the school
in 2013.
6.
What is the approximate ratio of the amount budgeted for Electricity and water
and telephone to the funds utilized by Books and stationery, Miscellaneous
expenditure and Sports?
(a) 1:1
(b) 1:3
(c) 2:1
(d) 1:1.2
(e) None of these
7.
The total expenditure on miscellaneous, books and stationery and sports was
closest to the total amount budgeted for?
(a) Sports
(b) Sports and Electricity
(c) Miscellaneous
(d) Canteen
(e) None of these
8.
In how many of the given areas the amount budgeted have been fully utilized?
(a) Two
(b) Three
(c) All areas
(d) None
(e) Four
9.
70% of the total expenditure made on Books and stationery was for Books, the
amount budgeted for the same was 65% books and stationery. What is the
approximate difference between the amount budgeted and the actual expenditure
on Books and stationery other than books?
(a) 1,45,231
(b) 1,73,963
(c) 1,56,700
(d) 2,00,002
(e) Cannot be determined
10.
If there is an increase of 10% on allocation of funds on sports budgeted, then
what percent are funds utilized by sports to new allotted budget for sports?
(a) 45.7%
(b) 46%
(c) 47%
(d) 46.9%
(e) None of these
Solutions:
1. (b), for company S, total profit =
(270224) + (378288) + (290252) = 46+90+38= 174 crore
For company
T. total profit = (216160) + (294216) + (348294) = 56+78+54 = 188 crore
Therefore
required difference = 188174 = Rs. 14 crore.
2. (b), referring to the table it is
clear that in 3013 the income of company T is the second lowest i.e. 267 crore
3. (c), profit gained by company S in
2011 = 336320 = Rs. 16
Profit gained
by company S in 2012 = 378288 = Rs. 90
Required % =
(9016)/16*100 = 462.5%
4. (e), PROFIT % OF COMPANY s IN 2015
= [(392287)/287*100] = 36.58%
Profit % of
company T in 2015 = [(448369)/369*100] = 21.4%
Required % =
36.58/21.4 * 100 ≈ 171%
5. (a), profit gained by company T in
2011 = (288192) = Rs. 96
Profit gained
by company T in 2013= (260168) = Rs. 92
Profit gained
by company T in 2015 = (448369) = Rs. 79
Total profit
= 96+92+79 = Rs. 267 crore
6. (a), amount budgeted for
Electricity and water & telephone bills = 32/100 * Rs. 57,69,190 ≈ 18,
46,141
Funds
utilized by Books and stationery, miscellaneous expenditure and Sports =
55/100* Rs. 3509190 ≈19,89,687
Required
ratio = 18, 46,141/1930054 ≈ 1:1
7. (b), expenditure
on miscellaneous, books and stationery and sports = 55%* Rs. 35,09,190 ≈ Rs.
19,30,000
Amount
budgeted for sports and Electricity = 33% * Rs. 57, 69, 190 ≈ Rs. 19, 40, 000.
After making
all combination this is closest to total expenditure on miscellaneous, books
and stationery and sports.
8. (d), in the areas
where the percentage of funds allocation is greater than or equal to percentage
of funds utilization, there funds utilization is definitely more than funds
utilization. Such areas are Electricity, water & telephone bill, Canteen
and sports.
For books and
stationery, funds allocation = 12% of Rs. 57, 69,190≈ Rs. 6, 92,300
Funds
utilized = 14% * Rs. 35, 09,190≈Rs. 4, 91,290
For
miscellaneous, funds allocation = 15% * Rs. 57, 69, 190≈ Rs. 8, 65, 380
Funds
utilized = 18% * Rs. 35, 09,190 = Rs. 6, 31, 650
Thus, for
none of the areas the amount budgeted have been fully utilized.
9. (b), Amount budgeted for Books and
stationery = 18%* 57, 69,190 ≈10, 38,454,
Amount
budgeted for books and stationery other than books = 35% of 10, 38, 454≈3,
63,459.
Total
expenditure on Books and stationery = 18% of 35, 09,190 = 6, 31,654.
Total
expenditure on books and stationery other than Books = 30% * 6, 31,654 = 1,
89,496.
Required
difference = 3, 63,4591, 89,496 = 1, 73,963.
10. (a), total amount
budgeted for sports = 23% * 57,69,190 = 13,26,913.7
10%increase
takes place so value = 14, 59,605.07
Now percent =
[(19%∗35,09,190)/ 14,59,605.07] ∗ 100 ≈ 45.7%
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