English Quiz Reading Comprehension for SBI PO


Mentor for Bank Exams
Dear Readers,
Welcome to Mentor for Bank Exams. Here I am posting quiz on English Reading Comprehension for upcoming SBI PO and other bank exams. Kindly make use of these!!!


Directions (1 – 10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some questions.

The notion of using tax as a tool to alter consumer food preferences cannot be faulted in principle. Mexico provides us with proof that levying additional taxes on non-essential food items that are rich in fat or calories can effectively alter food choices. The country witnessed a 5.1 per cent dip in consumption levels in foodstuff that had more than 275 kcal/100 g energy density following the imposition of an 8 per cent levy in 2014. Sugar-sweetened drinks saw a 12 per cent drop in intake at the end of the very first year the tax was introduced. In this context, Kerala’s decision to slap a 14.5 per cent tax on certain calorie-rich food items such as pizzas, doughnuts and pasta sold in branded restaurants may seem like a step in the right direction. But it bears the stamp of being little more than a political gimmick. For once, such foods sold by branded restaurants, consumed by the higher middle and upper classes, are a very tiny part of the problem of poor food choices for the State’s population. If the principal purpose was to tax some multinational food chains, then the decision is understandable. But ignoring a wide variety of high-calorie food items and focussing on a few is no more than tokenism. The revenue that Kerala hopes to mop up from this — Rs.10 crore — is also meagre.

If the State is serious about reining in consumption of unhealthy food, then there are several measures it should quickly adopt. The first is to set a threshold limit for fat and/or calorie and tax all foods items that are above this limit. Bringing sugar-sweetened drinks and refined products under the taxable product list should be a priority. There is no reason why packaged food items that have high salt content should not be additionally taxed. Indians are known to consume a few times more than the World Health Organisation’s recommended limit of 5 grams a day and most of it comes from packaged food items. Similarly, what excuse can there be for not charging a very high rate of tax on food items that contain trans fats? There are a number of food items sold in India that contain as high as 35-40 per cent of trans fats. Trans fatty acids, made through the process of hydrogenation of oils, which improves the stability or shelf life of the foodstuff that contains them, pose serious coronary risks. Taxing ‘bad’ foods should be accompanied by cross-subsidies of healthy and wholegrain food items. Only a holistic approach such as this will be effective in making a real change in our food consumption behaviour.
1. Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE according to the passage?
a) Only a holistic approach such as this will be effective in making a real change in our energy consumption behaviour.
b) Trans fatty acids, made through the process of hydrogenation of oils, which improves the stability or shelf life of the foodstuff that contains them, pose serious coronary risks.
c) Indians are known to consume a few times more than the World Health Organisation’s recommended limit of 5 grams a day and most of it comes from packaged food items.
d) The first is to set a threshold limit for fat and/or calorie and tax all foods items that are above this limit.
e) The revenue that Kerala hopes to mop up from this — Rs.10 crore — is also meagre.
2. Which of the following statement is TRUE according to the passage?
(A) If the principal purpose was to tax some multinational food chains, then the decision is understandable.
(B) But ignoring a wide variety of high-calorie food items and focussing on a few is no more than tokenism.
(C) Bringing sugar-sweetened drinks and refined products under the taxable product list should be a priority.
a) All are true
b) Only A
c) Only B and C
d) Only C
e) Only B
3. Which can effectively alter food choices?
 a) levying no taxes on non-essential food items that are rich in fat or calories
b) levying additional taxes on non-essential food items that are rich in fat or calories
c) levying additional taxes on essential food items that are rich in fat or calories
d) levying additional taxes on essential food items that are rich in vitamins
e) levying additional taxes on non-essential food items that are rich in vitamins
4. According to the passage, On the basis of which condition the decision is understandable?
 a) If the principal purpose was to tax a national food chain
b) If the principal purpose was to tax some international food chains
c) If the principal purpose was to tax some multinational food chains
d) If the principal purpose was to tax all multinational food chains
e) If the principal purpose was to tax all international food chains
5. What should be done by the state if it is serious about reining in consumption of unhealthy food, according to the passage?
a) several measures should be quickly adopted
b) changes in The Central Bank's policy
c) take public help
d) import food
e) export food
6. What is the appropriate title of the passage?
a) Slowing down fast food
b) Sugar-sweetened drinks
c) Tax and its use
d) Consumption levels in foodstuff
e) Import and Export food
7. Choose the word most SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold, as used in the passage.
Gimmick
a) impute
b) fanatic
c) morph
d) artifice
e) truth
8. Choose the word most SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold, as used in the passage.
Notion
a) conception
b) sanity
c) dangling
d) viability
e) hook
9. Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
Consumption
a) devouring
b) creation
c) drinking
d) expenditure
e) utilization
10. Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
Approach
a) consent
b) endow
c) distancing
d) tempt
e) solitude
Answers:
1)a   2)a   3)b   4)c   5)a   6)a   7)d   8)a   9)b   10)c